Galangal Essential Oil

Galangal Essential Oil

Galangal Essential Oil
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Galangal Root Essential Oil, India is also referred to as “false ginger”. It is steam distilled from the rhizome and is in fact related to true ginger and cardamom. It is not surprising then that Galangal blends well with these oils and shares similar notes. The aroma is clean and fresh, with camphor traces and penetrating spice and wood nuances. Not surprisingly there is also a cineole note because of the natural content of up to 30 percent of the chemical. The primary constituent, however, is methyl cinnamate at close to 50 percent. Galangal also blends well with Eucalyptus since cineole is a component they have in common. Moroccan Chamomile, Dalmatian Sage, Cinnamon, Allspice, Lavandin, Pine Needle, Citrus, Rosemary, Myrtle, and Patchouli all blend well with Galangal Essential Oil.

Name: Galangal Root Oil, Indonesia
Species: Alipinia galanga (L.) Willd., fam. Zingiberaceae
Part: Root
Method: Steam distillation
Class: Phenylpropenyl ester
Country: India
Dilution: 1:4

Herbalists consider the galangal root antispasmodic and antibacterial, and recommend its use in cases of dyspepsia and loss of appetite.

Alpinia officinarium rhizome contains a volatile oil, resin, flavonoids, galangol, kaempferide, galangin, and alpinin. The volatile oil may play a role in the herb's active medicinal properties such as calming the stomach. Galangal is available as dried powder, fluid extract, oil, rhizome, and tea.

Reported uses:

Galangal is used to relieve flatulence, dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and motion sickness. It's also used to treat fevers, colds, cough, sore throat, bronchitis, infection, rheumatism, and liver and gallbladder complaints. Used to inhibit prostaglandin synthesis. Used as an antibacterial and antispasmodic. Also used as a spice because of its pungent and spicy flavor and as a perfume. Used in homeopathic medicine as a stimulant.


High doses of essential oil may cause hallucinations. Acid-inhibiting drugs, such as antacids, sucralfate, H2 antagonists, and proton pump inhibitors, may interact with this herb due to alpinia's increase of stomach acid.

Pregnant and breast-feeding patients should avoid use.

Clinical considerations: Galangal isn't widely used in the United States and may be difficult to obtain. Be careful when obtaining products from unknown origins.

This herb may interfere with the intended therapeutic effect of conventional drugs. Dosing may be difficult if you are using galangal powder that's made for cooking. Consult a health care provider with a background in natural medicine before use.

Warning: High doses of the essential oil may cause hallucinations.

Remind pharmacist of any herbal or dietary supplement that you are taking when obtaining a new prescription.

Consult your health care provider before using an herbal preparation because a conventional treatment with proven efficacy may be available.

Research summary: Decoctions of this herb are reported in the literature to show inhibitory effects in vitro against many pathogenic bacteria, including the anthrax bacillus, hemolytic Streptococcus, and various strains of Staphylococcus.

Dilute decoctions of this herb are also reported in the literature to have a stimulatory effect on guinea pig intestinal specimens of smooth muscle, while higher concentrations showed an inhibitory effect.
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